THE AZTEC MIGRATION

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Wikipedia; Tamoanchan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamoanchan

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Wikipedia; Aztlan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztlán

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The Aztlan Migration of the Nahuatl Chronicles; Myth or History? Michael E. Smith

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Wikipedia; Chicomoztoc

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicomoztoc

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How Far North? A Conjecture on the Roots of Aztlán; Raymond V. Padilla

http://faculty.coehd.utsa.edu/rpadilla/currentpubs/AztlanMS/Aztlan.html

THE AZTEC COSMOS

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Wikipedia; The Thirteen Heavens

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirteen_Heavens

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Wikipedia; The Five Suns

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Suns

Wikipedia; The Black sun

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sun_(mythology)

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Wikipedia; Aztec Religion

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_religion

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Mexicolore; Nahua Moral Philosophy

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/nahua-moral-philosophy

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Mexicolore; Weaving the Cosmos; The Metaphysics of the Fifth Era

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-philosophy

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Mexicolore; Day of the Dead

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/day-of-the-dead-2

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Mexicolore; The Aztec Art of Mourning

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/the-aztec-art-of-mourning

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Mexicolore; Time, Ritual, and Sacred landscape in Aztec Mexico

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/calendar/time-ritual-and-sacred-landscape-in-aztec-mexico

AZTEC HUMAN SACRIFICE

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Mexicolore; Synchronized Bloodletting

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/aztefacts/synchronized-blood-letting

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Mexicolore; Priests and Their Matted Hair

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/aztefacts/priests-and-their-matted-hair

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Wikipedia; The Ball Game

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerican_ballgame

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Mexicolore; Aztec Concepts of the Human Body #2

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-concepts-of-the-human-body-2

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Mexicolore; Aztec Concepts of the Human Body #1

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-concepts-of-the-human-body-1

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Aztec Human Sacrifice as Expiation

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs/aztec-sacrifice-expiation.pdf

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Double Immolations in Ancient Mexican Sacrificial Ritual

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs/aztec-sacrificial-ritual.pdf

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Wikipedia; Tzompantli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tzompantli

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Huge Aztec Skull Rack Found Near the Templo Mayor in Mexico City

The Daily Mail has the report here with their usual excellent photo display;
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3205251/Mexico-finds-main-skull-rack-Aztec-temple-complex.html

Wikipedia; Human Sacrifice in Aztec Culture

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_sacrifice_in_Aztec_culture

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Dark Religion; Aztec Perspectives on Human Sacrifice

http://www.academia.edu/8191114/Dark_religion_Aztec_perspectives_on_human_sacrifce

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Decapitated Spaniards from 1520 Convoy Uncovered at the site of Zultepec-Tecoaque

CTV News has the report here from INAH;

http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/excavation-of-mexican-site-reveals-decapitation-of-conquistadors-1.2602422

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A New INAH Study on Human Sacrifice at Tenochtitlan

The Daily Meal has their usual great illustrated report on this discovery;
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3417150/Did-Aztec-rulers-sacrifice-STAFF-Bones-reveals-victims-served-elite-killed-Great-Temple-Tenochtitl-n.html

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New Research on Aztec Skull Masks

The Daily Mail has the report here with extensive photos;
http://dailym.ai/1spZrC1

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650 Skulls from Aztec Times Uncovered in the Zocalo in Mexico City in a Cylindrical Tower

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/01/tower-human-skulls-mexico-city-aztec-sacrifices

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4658112/Tower-human-skulls-Mexico.html

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New Discoveries of Sacrificed Victims at the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/feeding-gods-hundreds-skulls-reveal-massive-scale-human-sacrifice-aztec-capital

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INAH Uncovers Unique Child Sacrifice Remains at the Temple Mayor

https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/07/remains-of-sacrificed-child-discovered.html#R3h2qVzxRYxlS7PV.97

And further details are here in Ancient Origins;

https://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/aztec-child-sacrifice-021990

 

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The First Temple to the Mesoamerican Deity Xipe Totec Uncovered

INAH has the report here (in Spanish) with a slide show (click on the little camera icon near the top of the report);
https://www.inah.gob.mx/boletines/7883-descubren-el-primer-templo-dedicado-a-xipe-totec-en-la-zona-arqueologica-de-ndachjian-tehuacan

The Daily Mail has the report translated into English with more photos here;
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6549625/Mexico-finds-Flayed-god-temple-priests-wore-skins-dead.html

Mike Ruggeri’s Toltecs and Aztecs
http://mikeruggeristoltecsandaztecs.tumblr.com

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INAH May Have Found the First Aztec Royal Burial.

Reuters has the report here.

https://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKCN1R60FT

The Daily Mail has excellent photos of some of the finds;
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6846405/Aztec-war-sacrifices-Mexico-point-elusive-royal-tomb.html

INAH Continues to Study Aztec Skull Rack Skulls

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/feeding-gods-hundreds-skulls-reveal-massive-scale-human-sacrifice-aztec-capital

Mesoamerica Heart Extraction Research

https://news360.com/article/526610248

119 New Human Skulls Uncovered at the Aztec Giant Skull Rack in Mexico City

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-find-brings-skulls-discovered-aztec-tower-over-600-180976543/

AZTEC SITES AND AREAS

TEOPANZOLCO

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Wikipedia; Teopanzolco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teopanzolco

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Uncovered History; Teopanzolco

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/

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Teopanzolco; A Brief History

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/teopanzolco-history/

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Teopanzolco; The Great Platform

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/teopanzolco-history/

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TEOPANZOLCO: THE TEMPLES OF TLALOC & HUITZILOPCHTLI

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/teopanzolco-the-temples-of-tlaloc-huitzilopchtli/

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TEOPANZOLCO: BUILDING 7 & THE ROW OF ALTARS

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/teopanzolco-building-7-the-row-of-altars/

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TEOPANZOLCO: TEMPLE OF TEZCATLIPOCA

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/teopanzolco/teopanzolco-temple-of-tezcatlipoca/

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Delanges at Teopanzolco

http://www.delange.org/Teopanzolco/Teopanzolco.htm

Mexico Earthquake Reveals New Temple Underneath the Teopanzolco Pyramid

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/earthquake-reveals-12th-century-temple-hidden-within-aztec-pyramid-180969619/andhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5948063/Damage-Mexicos-killer-quake-reveals-unknown-temple-built-INSIDE-pyramid.html

EL TEPOZTECO

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Wikipedia; El Tepozteco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Tepozteco

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Wikipedia; Azcatpotzalco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azcapotzalco_(altepetl)

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Latin American Studies; Malinalco

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/malinalco.htm

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Wikipedia; Malinalco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malinalco

TENAYUCA

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Wikipedia; Tenayuca

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenayuca

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Latin American Studies; Tenayuca

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/tenayuca.htm

CALIXTLAHUACA

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Wikipedia; Calixtlahuaca

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calixtlahuaca

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Calixtlahuaca Archaeological Project; Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/Calix/index.html

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Aztec period houses and terraces at
Calixtlahuaca: The changing morphology of a
Mesoamerican hilltop urban center

Click to access MESetAl-13-CalixExcavJFA.pdf

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Unknown History; Calixtlahuaca

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/calixtlahuaca/

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CALIXTLAHUACA: THE CITY OF FERTILITY?

http://uncoveredhistory.com/mexico/calixtlahuaca-the-city-of-fertility/

XOCHIMILCO

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Wikipedia; Xochimilco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xochimilco_(pre-Columbian_city)

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XALTOCAN

Wikipedia; Xaltocan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xaltocan

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CERRO DE LA ESTRELLA

Cerro de la Estrella (archeological site)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerro_de_la_Estrella_(archeological_site)

TEXCOTZINGO

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Wikipedia; Texcotzingo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texcotzingo

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Latin American Studies; Texcotzingo

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/texcotzingo.htm

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The Gardens of the Aztec Philosopher King

Click to access evans_gardenofaztecphil.pdf

TEXCOCO

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Wikipedia; Texcoco

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Wikipedia; Santa Cecelia Acatitlan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Cecilia_Acatitlan

TEHUACAN

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TEMPLE OF MICTLANTECUHTLI; TEHUACAN

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2013/11/swiatynia-boga-mictlantecuhtli-w.html

IXCATEOPAN

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Wikipedia; Ixcateopan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ixcateopan_(archaeological_site)

Archaeological Finding Confirms Ixcateopan Produced Cotton

http://artdaily.com/news/37882/Archaeological-Finding-Confirms-Ixcateopan-Produced-Cotton#.Vc7ZV7RkjR4

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Wikipedia; Texcoco

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texcoco_(altepetl)

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Zultépec-Tecoaque

New Important Discoveries at  Zultépec-Tecoaque in Tlaxcala

http://www.inah.gob.mx/es/boletines/4933-hallan-entierro-de-personaje-vinculado-con-ometochtli-dios-del-pulque-en-tlaxcala

http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/excavation-of-mexican-site-reveals-decapitation-of-conquistadors-1.2602422

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CUAUATITLAN

Aztec Era incense Burners Found at Cuauhtitlan

http://bit.ly/29FsEEn

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TLAXCALLAN

Ground-breaking study of the Central Highlands City of Tlaxcallan

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/03/it-wasnt-just-greece-archaeologists-find-early-democratic-societies-americas

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NAHUALAC

INAH Finds an Aztec Water Structure Depicting the Beginning of Time: Nahualac

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/depiction-mythical-aztec-universe-discovered-natural-pond-near-mexicos-iztaccihuatl-volcano-1653737

ECATEPEC

INAH Finds Mexica Symbols on an Ancient Dike in Ecatepec

Ancient Origins has the report here;
https://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/pre-hispanic-symbols-0012776

THE AZTEC WORLD

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Wikipedia; Aztec

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec

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Aztec Culture; Michael E. Smith

Click to access Smith-AztecCulture-WWW.pdf

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Aztec Chronology

http://pages.ucsd.edu/~dkjordan/arch/aztecchron.html

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People of the Pleiades: The Aztec Interlude; FROM TULA TO TENOCHTITLAN

http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/CS-MM-Chap.%2011.htm

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Aztec City States; Michael E. Smith

Click to access MES-00-CityStates.pdf

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Aztec Marketing System; Michael E. Smith

Click to access MES-80-ReplytoEvans.pdf

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LONG-DISTANCE TRADE UNDER
THE AZTEC EMPIRE; The archaeological evidence; Michael E. Smith

Click to access MES-90-L-D-Trade.pdf

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Latin American Studies; The Aztecs

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs.htm

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Aztec City Planning; Michael E. Smith

Click to access MES-08-AzCityPlan-Encyclopedia.pdf

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John Pohl; The Aztecs (multi-parts)

http://www.famsi.org/research/pohl/pohl_aztec1.html

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Ancient Pyramid Found in Mexico City

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Aztec Math Decoded, Reveals Woes of Ancient Tax Time

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/04/080403-aztec-math.html

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Aztec Studies

http://www.academia.edu/1854562/Aztec_Studies

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The History of the Aztec Sun Stone

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2014/12/dzieje-azteckiego-kamienia-sonca.html

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Temple to Ehecatl Quetzalcoatl Uncovered in Mexico City

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/30/mexico-temple-wind-god-archaeology-supermarket

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Follow-Up Story on the Ehecatl Temple and Ball Court

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jun/08/mexico-city-ancient-aztec-temple-ball-court

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Aztec Gold Covered Sacrificed Wolf Uncovered in downtown Mexico City

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mexico-archaeology-aztecs-idUSKBN19S1RA

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Aztec Structure Uncovered at Plaza Pino Suarez, Mexico City

http://www.inah.gob.mx/es/boletines/6331-hallan-vestigio-ceremonial-de-un-calpulli-mexica-en-la-plaza-pino-suarez

The Largest pre-Hispanic House Inside Present Day Mexico City Uncovered

Express (UK) has the report here;
https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1228507/aztec-history-archaeology-news-hispanic-mexico-city-south-america-latest

AZTEC EMPIRE

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Wikipedia; Aztec Empire

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_Empire

Christina M. Elson; Aztec Elites and the Post Classic Economy: Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) of Museum Collections from Chiconautla, México

http://www.famsi.org/reports/03019/index.html

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LONG-DISTANCE TRADE UNDER
THE AZTEC EMPIRE; The archaeological evidence; Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-90-L-D-Trade.pdf

Michael A. Ohnersorgen; The Cotaxtla Archaeological Survey: Results of the 1998 Field Season

http://www.famsi.org/reports/97030/index.html

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Wikipedia; Aztec Warfare

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_warfare

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Wikipedia; Pochteca

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pochteca

A LIFE IN THE PROVINCES OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE; Michael E. Smith

www.ALIFE IN THE PROVINCES OF THEZTECEMPIREpublic.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-05-SciAm-.pdf

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The Aztec Empire and the Mesoamerican World System

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-01-EmpWorldSys.pdf

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Archaeology and the Aztec Empire; Berdan and Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-92-FB-ArchAzEmpire.pdf

The Role of Social Stratification in the Aztec Empire; A View from the Provinces; Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-86-SocStrat.pdf

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The Expansion of the Aztec Empire; Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-87-ExpAzEmp.pdf

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William Barnes; Icons of Empire: Royal Presentation and the Conception of Rule in Aztec México

http://www.famsi.org/reports/00027/00027Barnes01.pdf

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Circulation of Feathers in the Aztec Empire; Berdan

http://nuevomundo.revues.org/1387

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Totógal: Investigations of Postclassic Occupation and the Aztec Frontier in the Tuxtla Mountains, Veracruz, México

http://www.famsi.org/reports/03045/index.html

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Aztec Warfare

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs/aztec-warfare.pdf

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Human Sacrifice at Tenochtitlan

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs/aztec_human_sacrifice.pdf

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Flowery War in Aztec History

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/aztecs/Aztec-wars.pdf

Wikipedia; Flower War

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flower_war

Aztec Militarism and Blood Sacrifice: The Archaeology and Ideology of Ritual Violence

http://www.academia.edu/350223/Aztec_Militarism_and_Blood_Sacrifice_The_Archaeology_and_Ideology_of_Ritual_Violence

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Painting Guide for an Aztec Army

http://balagan.info/painting-guide-for-an-aztec-army

The Complex Geopolitics of the Aztec Empire

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2015/05/zozona-geopolityka-imperium-aztekow.html

AZTEC LIFE

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Mexicolore; Aztec Pleasure Gardens

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/aztefacts/aztec-pleasure-gardens

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Wikipedia; Chinampa

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinampa

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Mexicolore; Aztec Lake Navigation

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztecs-and-lake-navigation

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Aztec Poetry #2

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-poetry-2-three-poems

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Aztec Poetry #1

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-poetry-1-intro

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How Aztec Poetry Works

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/how-aztec-poetry-works

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Mexicolore; The Aztecs; Patolli and Gambling

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/gambling-and-patolli-the-aztecs-favourite-game

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Wikipedia; Patolli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patolli

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Wikipedia; Aztec Society

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_society

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Wikipedia; Telpochcalli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tēlpochcalli

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Wikipedia; Calpulli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calpulli

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Wikipedia; Calmecac

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calmecac


Aztec Sweat Bath Uncovered in Mexico City

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-51205284

https://www.archaeology-world.com/native-american-14th-century-sweat-lodge-discovered-in-mexico-city/

AZTEC WEAPONS

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Mexicolore; Chimalli

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/artefacts/chimalli

Mexicolore; Maquahuitl

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/artefacts/maquahuitl

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Wikipedia; Maquahuitl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macuahuitl

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Mexicolore; Atlatl

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/artefacts/atlatl

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The Aztecs and the Atlatl

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztecs-and-the-atlatl

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Mexica Weaponry

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/mexica-weaponry

Wikipedia; Tlaximaltepoztli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlaximaltepoztli

AZTEC MUSIC

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Mexicolore; Death Whistle #2

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/music/death-whistle-cremated

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Death Whistle #1

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/music/death-whistle

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Mexicolore; Teponaztli

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/artefacts/teponaztli

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Music and the laws of Nezahualcoyotl – examples of onomatopoeic sounds

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/music/music-and-the-laws-of-nezahuahlcoyotl

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Aztec Music

http://mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/music/

Wikipedia; Teponaztli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teponaztli

AZTEC RULERS

ACAMAPICHTLI (1376-1395)

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Wikipedia; Acamapichtli

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acamapichtli

Huitzilihuitl (1396-1417)

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Wikipedia; Huitzilihuitl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huitzilihuitl

CHIMALPOPOCA (1417-1427)

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Wikipedia; Chimalpopoca

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimalpopoca

ITZCOATL (1427-1440)

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Itzcoatl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itzcoatl

MOCTEZUMA I (1440-1469)

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Wikipedia; Moctezuma I

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moctezuma_I

AXAYACATL (1469-1481)

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Wikipedia; Axayacatl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axayacatl

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TIZOC (1481-1486)

Wikipedia; Tizoc

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tizoc

AHUIZOTL (1486-1502)

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Wikipedia; Ahuizotl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahuitzotl

MOCTEZUMA II (1502-1520)

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Wikipedia; Moctezuma II

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moctezuma_II

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Mesoweb; Moctezuma II

http://www.mesoweb.com/about/articles/Moctezuma.pdf

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Mesoweb; Images of Montezuma II

http://www.mesoweb.com/about/articles/Images-of-Moctezuma.pdf

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CUAUHTEMOC (1520)

Wikipedia; Cuauhtemoc 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuauhtémoc

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Nezahualcoyotl

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nezahualcoyotl

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Tlacaelel

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlacaelel

TENOCHTITLAN

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Wikipedia; Tenochtitlan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenochtitlan

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Fragments of human bones help investigators to determine that Mexicas practiced cannibalism

http://artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=11&int_new=67523#.Vc9oALRkjR7

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Mysterious Aztec ‘human sacrifice’ skulls found in dig under Mexico City subway

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2532080/Mysterious-Aztec-human-sacrifice-skulls-dig-Mexico-City-subway.html#ixzz2pB7UQbUJ

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Archaeologists Say 400 Animal Species Were Offered to Gods in Tenochtitlan

http://www.hispanicallyspeakingnews.com/latino-daily-news/details/archaeologists-say-400-animal-species-were-offered-to-gods-in-tenochtitlan/25013/

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Archaeologists Uncover 50 Skulls In Sacred Aztec Temple In Mexico

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/05/mexico-finds-50-skulls-in-aztec-temple_n_1943940.html#slide=more255195

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Human Sacrifice and Mortuary Treatments in the Main Temple of Tenochtitlan; Ximena Chávez Balderas

http://www.famsi.org/reports/05054/05054ChavezBalderas02.pdf

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Latin American Studies; Tenochtitlan

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/tenochtitlan.htm

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Tenochtitlán: Promised Land of Jade & Rubies

http://www.academia.edu/2311849/Tenochtitlán_Promised_Land_of_Jade_and_Rubies

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The City of Tenochtitlan

http://www.academia.edu/6193107/The_City_of_Tenochtitlan

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Control and Carnival in the Aztec Marketplace

http://www.academia.edu/351411/Control_and_Carnival_in_the_Aztec_Marketplace

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New finds in Templo Mayor

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2013/09/nowe-znaleziska-w-templo-mayor.html

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Mexican Archaeologists Find Ancient Staircase at Tlatelolco, May Confirm First Building

http://artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=48463#.Vc9yzLRkjR4

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Wikipedia; Templo Mayor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Templo_Mayor

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Tenochtitlan

http://www.common-place.org/vol-03/no-04/mexico-city/

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INAH Finds Two Sealed Chambers at the Templo Mayor—Could be Aztec Ruler Tombs

http://www.usnews.com/news/science/news/articles/2015/12/01/mexico-experts-passageway-may-lead-to-aztec-rulers-tomb

INAH has a slide show of the finds here. (click on the tiny green camera icon under the cover photo;

http://www.inah.gob.mx/es/boletines/4948-revelan-hallazgos-durante-la-primera-mesa-redonda-de-tenochtitlan

May 11, 2019

New Conquest Research in Mexico

The Aztecs ceremonially disfigured captive Spaniards at the Zultepec-Tecoaque site. The defenders there, in 1520, captured 15 Spanish males, 45 Cuban soldiers, 50 women, and 10 children. The women we’re strung up on skull racks. They were pregnant. They cut another woman in half near a dismembered child. The killings we’re re-enactments of creation myths. Cortes had to leave that group behind to put down an uprising in the Aztec capital. The horses, men and women were eaten, but the pigs the Spaniards brought were not eaten. The Aztecs were suspicious of them.

The town then took on the name Tecoaque, which means “the place where they ate them” in Nahuatl. The inhabitants abandoned the town when Cortes sent a punitive expedition. This research is part of Mexico’s new research and scholarship for the 500th anniversary of the conquest.

AP News has the report here;
https://apnews.com/3148029abd1445b68fa7a3c40c4677b1

Mike Ruggeri’s Toltecs and Aztecs
http://mikeruggeristoltecsandaztecs.tumblr.com

Mike Ruggeri’s Aztec and Toltec World Magazine
http://bit.ly/1ygAdbd

AZTEC ART

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AZTEC ART – Part 1 By MANUEL AGUILAR-MORENO, Ph.D.

http://www.famsi.org/research/aguilar/Aztec_Art_Part1.pdf

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Aztec Figurine Studies; Forward by Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-06-KaplanFigurineIntro.pdf

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Justin Kerr’s Aztec Art Portfolio

http://research.mayavase.com/portfolio_thumbs.php?rowstart=0&search=*Aztec*&date_added=

Mike Ruggeri’s Toltec and Aztec Art Portfolio

http://bit.ly/1JXyZW3

Aztec Figurines Photo Gallery 

http://przedkolumbem.blogspot.com/2014/07/fotogaleria-figurki-aztekow.html

Aztec Featherwork

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/did-the-maya-and-aztecs-take-feathers-for-headdresses-from-birds-other-than-quetzals-1

Aztec Masks

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/aztec-masks

What Lies Underneath Aztec Sculpture?

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/what-lies-beneath-aztec-sculpture

The Deep Roots of Aztec Sculpture

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/deep-roots-of-aztec-sculpture

The properties of conch shell in making turquoise mosaics

http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/home/skilled-use-of-conch-shell-in-mosaics

AZTEC ART – Part 2 By MANUEL AGUILAR-MORENO, Ph.D.

http://www.famsi.org/research/aguilar/Aztec_Art_Part2.pdf

TULA; CAPITAL OF THE TOLTECS

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Esperanza Elizabeth Jiménez García; Sculptural-Iconographic Catalogue of Tula, Hidalgo: The Stone Figures

http://www.famsi.org/reports/07027/index.html

Fernando Baez Urincho; Building Four: a Palace in Tula Grande, the Lodging of the Toltec King

http://www.famsi.org/reports/07026/index.html

Tula and Chichen Itza; Are We Asking the Right Questions; Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-07-TulaChichen.pdf

Tula, and wheeled animal effigies in
Mesoamerica; RICHARD A. DIEHL & MARGARET D. MANDEVILLE*

http://www.famsi.org/aztlan/uploads/Tula&wheeled_animal_effigies.pdf

Delanges at Tula

http://www.delange.org/Tula/Tula.htm

Cynthia Kristan-Graham; The Architecture of Statecraft at Ancient Tula

http://www.famsi.org/reports/98022/index.html

Wikipedia; Tula

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tula_(Mesoamerican_site)

THE TOLTECS

Enrique Florescano; Quetzalcóatl. Metaphors and Images

http://www.famsi.org/reports/99011/index.html

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“Comments on the Historicity of Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl, Tollan, and the Toltecs”
by Michael E. Smith

http://www.public.asu.edu/~mesmith9/1-CompleteSet/MES-03-NaNewsToltec.pdf

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Wikipedia; Ce Acatl Topiltzin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ce_Acatl_Topiltzin

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Dawn in the Desert; The Rise of the Toltecs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ce_Acatl_Topiltzin

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Latin American Studies; Toltecs

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/toltecs.htm

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Wikipedia; The Toltec Empire

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toltec_Empire

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Wikipedia; Toltecs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toltec